One Whey or Another - Types of Whey Protein for Beginners
Whey protein is commonly used as a supplement for muscle gain. But what is it?
Basically, whey is one of the two proteins that make up milk, with the other one being casein. Whey protein can be separated from casein or formed as a by-product of cheese making. It contains all essential amino acids and is low in lactose.
How Whey Protein is Made
Before we dive into the different types of whey protein, let’s first discuss how it is made. The making of whey protein is a seven-step process.
Since whey protein is a dairy product, the first step is, of course, to milk the cow. The milk obtained from the cow contains 3.5% protein, 4% fat and 4.6% lactose.
In step two, the milk is brought to a cheese processing facility. This is because whey protein is the by-product of the cheese manufacturing process.
Step three is pasteurisation, which ensures that no harmful bacteria are in the milk. During pasteurisation, milk is boiled until it reaches its boiling point and then is instantly cooled to at a chilly 4 degrees Celsius.
In step four, the pasteurised milk is subjected to enzymes that will separate the casein from whey. The milk gets separated into two parts: liquid and solid particles. The liquid part – which contains whey, carbohydrates and fat – is sent to a manufacturing plant for further purification. This is to remove the fat, carbohydrates, minerals and water. Meanwhile, the solid particles are collected and processed as cheese.
A lot of machinery is involved in step five. During this step, the liquid whey from step four is loaded into a web of stainless steel turbines that have special filters to separate the fat and lactose from the liquid solution. This process produces whey protein liquid.
During step six, the whey protein liquid is placed in a dryer. This process dries out the liquid and separates the solids, as well as ensures that the whey doesn’t lose its nutritional value. The resulting powder may have up to 90% whey protein.
For the last step, the whey protein is carefully examined. The whey powder is put into high-speed blenders along with flavourings and other formulations for the best taste.
Types of Whey
There are three main types of whey protein available. These are whey protein concentrate, whey protein isolate and whey protein hydrolysate.
Whey Protein Concentrate
Whey protein concentrate has low levels of fat and carbohydrates. The amount of protein in whey protein concentrate can vary from 25% to 89%, with the rest of the product consisting of lactose, minerals and moisture. It is possibly the world’s most popular sports nutrition supplement today.
Whey Protein Isolate
Whey protein isolate is whey protein concentrate that has been further processed. The process is called cross-flow microfiltration, which separates the protein from fat, cholesterol and lactose. The end product is a purer protein than that of whey protein concentrate. The protein content of whey protein isolate can reach up to 90%.
Whey Protein Hydrolysate
In whey protein hydrolysates, the long protein chains in whey protein have been broken down into shorter chains, making them easier to absorb into the body. This may also reduce the potential for allergic reactions. It is considered to be the “pre-digested” form of whey protein since it doesn’t require as much digestion as the other two forms. It has a protein content of 80% - 90% and it most often used in infant formulas, as well as in sports and medical nutrition products.
When choosing the best whey proteins for beginners, it is important to consider your budget, your nutritional goals and any allergies that you may have. For example, if you’re lactose intolerant, you may want to opt for a whey protein isolate, since it contains less lactose than whey protein concentrate.
Benefits of Whey Protein
No matter what type of whey protein you get, they all have several health benefits. Aside from building muscle, here are just a few of the benefits that you can get from consuming whey protein supplements.
Aiding weight loss – In one study, those who were given whey protein supplements lost a significant amount of body fat and preserved a lot of lean muscle.
Lowering cholesterol – According to a study published in the British Journal of Nutrition, the total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol of a group of overweight men and women decreased when given whey protein supplements for 12 weeks.
Asthma – A small study involving 11 children with asthma found that those children had an improved immune response after their diets were supplemented with whey protein twice daily for a month.
Cardiovascular disease – Beverages with whey protein reduced blood pressure in hypertensive men and women, according to a study.
How to Use Whey Protein
There is no wrong time to consume whey protein, but most people use it as a post-workout snack. This is because whey protein supplements, like Supreme Labs’ 100% Whey Supreme Protein, aids in muscle growth, maintenance and repair. You can also consume whey protein supplements before a workout to fuel your muscles and motivate muscle growth.
Likewise, you may incorporate whey protein supplements into your daily meals. For breakfast, add it to your pancakes or oatmeal. You can even make a whey protein smoothie to make it easy for you to reach your daily protein goals. Whey protein supplements come in many flavours, which ensures that you won’t easily tire of its taste.
You can get delicious whey protein powder from Supreme Labs. We produce the highest quality health supplements available. Our products are healthy, naturally sourced and of the highest quality.
At Supreme Labs, you are sure to get complete transparency with our products. We do not use any blends or hidden ingredient complexes. You can expect that only premium ingredients and processes go into the making of our whey protein supplements.
For more information on us and our whey protein supplements, don’t hesitate to get in touch with us. We would love to hear from you.